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Antifungal susceptibility profiles of rare ascomycetous yeasts

15 Jun 2019

To generate antifungal susceptibility patterns for Trichomonascus ciferrii (Candida ciferrii), Candida inconspicua (Torulopsis inconspicua) and Diutina rugosa species complex (Candida rugosa species complex), and to provide key parameters such as MIC50, MIC90 and tentative epidemiological cut-off values (TECOFFs).


Our strain set included isolates of clinical origin: C. inconspicua (n = 168), D. rugosa species complex (n = 90) [Candida pararugosa (n = 60), D. rugosa (n = 26) and Candida mesorugosa (n = 4)], Pichia norvegensis (Candida norvegensis) (n = 15) and T. ciferrii (n = 8). Identification was performed by MALDI-TOF MS or internal transcribed spacer sequencing. Antifungal susceptibility patterns were generated for azoles, echinocandins and amphotericin B using commercial Etest and the EUCAST broth microdilution method v7.3.1. Essential agreement (EA) was calculated for Etest and EUCAST.


C. inconspicua, C. pararugosa and P. norvegensis showed elevated azole MICs (MIC50 ≥0.06 mg/L), and D. rugosa and C. pararugosa elevated echinocandin MICs (MIC50 ≥0.06 mg/L). EA between methods was generally low (<90%); EA averaged 77.45%. TECOFFs were suggested for C. inconspicua and D. rugosa species complex.


Rare yeast species tested shared high fluconazole MICs. D. rugosa species complex displayed high echinocandin MICs, while C. inconspicua and P. norvegensis were found to have high azole MICs. Overall, the agreement between EUCAST and Etest was poor and therefore MIC values generated with Etest cannot be directly compared with EUCAST results.